Who are Bosniaks, Bosnian Serbs, Bosnian Croats?
Answer: Bosniaks (also spelled: Bosniacs; sometimes incorrectly refered to as Bosnian Muslims) are autochtone Slavic peoples of Bosnia. Up until the mid 19th century, the term Bosniak was used for all inhabitants of Bosnia regardles of faith.
In medieval Bosnia, Bosniaks were largely members of an indigenous Bosnian Church and were considered heretics by both the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox Churches. As a result, some Bosniaks were forced to convert to Caholicism and Eastern Orthodox religions. During the Ottoman period (15th-19th century) mostly heretic Bosniaks in large numbers converted to Islam.
During the 19th century (Austro-Hungarian period), the Bosniaks of Catholic and Eastern Orthodox faiths acquired Croatian and Serbian national identites and came to be known as Bosnian Croats and Bosnian Serbs.
Even though today's Bosniaks are overhelmingly Sunni Muslims, they are one of the most secular peoples in the Balkans and Europe. Their mother tongue is bosnian, one of three official languages of Bosnia-Herzegovina. Bosniaks are proud of their unique history, tradition, and European roots.